Consumption study using blends of additives and local fuels in combined cycles at 2800 meters above sea level.

Main Article Content

Brayan Steve Guanulema Nepas
Omar Ricardo Felix Pacheco
Alian Roberto Guanulema Nepas
Guillermo Gorky Reyes Campaña


The increase in the consumption of low octane fuel in Ecuador has meant a loss of performance in engines, to solve this problem a higher octane is needed due to new technologies, taking into account the increase in gasoline prices, it has been decided to use different additives, through this research the influence that additives have on the fuel consumption of vehicles was determined through an analysis in real conditions of the variations in fuel efficiency, using the fuel that is distributed locally and additives that are offered in the DMQ, The quantitative method was implemented with a vehicle of Korean origin with which several combined cycle route tests were carried out using two types of fuel and with the mixture of different additives, an external tank was placed in order to have an exact measurement taking into account the EPA FTP 75 regulations and what the manufacturer's manual says with the geography in which we are located, it was determined that gasoline 6 with additive 2 obtained a significant saving compared to the other tests carried out where a great variation was not obtained in order to determine a lower consumption both in positive slopes and in negative slopes.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Guanulema Nepas, B. S., Felix Pacheco, O. R., Guanulema Nepas, A. R., & Reyes Campaña, G. G. (2023). Consumption study using blends of additives and local fuels in combined cycles at 2800 meters above sea level. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurial Studie, 7(2).


AEADE (n.d.). Association of Automotive Companies of Ecuador. Retrieved August 30, 2022, from

Alexandra Aguilar, Y. V. (2016). Manual de productos. Costa Rica: Recope.

Bardahl (n.d.). Bardahl Latin America . Retrieved from Bardahl Latin America - octane booster (n.d.). Retrieve

Camacho, L. (August 18, 2009). ESPE. Retrieved from

Flores, A. (2004). Comparative study between traditional fuels and new energy technologies for the propulsion of transport vehicles. Retrieved from

Markos A. Ktistakis, J. P. (2022). Developing an optimal sampling design to monitor the vehicle fuel. ScienceDirect, 12.

Fredy Quinchimbla, J. S. (January 10, 2017). Bibdigital. Retrieved from

Hyundai (January 13, 2023). Hyundai. Retrieved from

INEN (2002). Ecuadorian Technique. Retrieved from

Juan Rocha, V. Z. (February 15, 2015). Politecnica Nacional. Retrieved from file:///D:/down/CD-6074%20(1).pdf.

Suhaib Alshayeb, A. S. (2021). Investigating impacts of various operational conditions on fuel. ScienceDirect, 21.

Karnaukhov Oleg, Inna Karnaukhova, Vladimir Karnaukhov, Olga Ryndina (2022). Reducing fuel consumption by using correcting parameters system for heavy duty vehicles. SicenceDirect, 63, 2820-2828, ISSN 2352-1465. doi: (n.d.). Retrieved August 22, 2022, from Analysis of calorific value results:

Mannol (n.d.). Mannol super benzin octane plus. Retrieved July 15, 2022, from

Plaza, D. (February 17, 2020). Retrieved from

Print the Fuel Economy Guide (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2022, from Fuel Economy:

Qualco. (n.d.). Qualco R1. Retrieved from

Reyes, G. &. (2016). ARTICLE BIODIESEL FIA . Retrieved from

Us Epa, O. (n.d.). Dinamometer drive schedules. Retrieved August 6, 2022, from

Serrano, D. (July 28, 2022). Demand for super gasoline fell 20% in first half of 2022. El comercio, pp. Serrano, D. (2022, July 28). Demand for super gasoline fell 20% in first s

Troyanovskaya, I. (2022). Influence of Mountain Conditions on Road Fuel Consumption (Example of. ScienceDirect, 7.

Most read articles by the same author(s)